Cabbage 'Krautkaiser' F1 Hybrid - White - Seed
Delicious fresh cabbage from the garden!
White cabbage seed requires no prior treatment but soaking them overnight in lukewarm water will encourage germination.
Cabbages grow quickly and will thrive in a moisture retaining soil that has been well fertilised during the winter.
In the garden, April-May.
Be aware that birds are very fond of cabbage seed! We therefore recommend sowing in the cold frame and only planting out your seedlings when they are quite big. Otherwise you will definitely have to take preventative measures to keep the birds off.
There are two ways to sow:
- In pots in the cold-frame from February through April. Use a fine seeding compost and plant one seed per pot. Cover to a max. of 1 cm, press lightly down and sprinkle with water. As the living room is really too warm, stand the pots in the cold-frame. Do not allow them to dry out and give them lots of space - put the pots so far apart that the leaves almost touch each other. Plant out from the end of April at 70 cm intervals in the row, with 70 cm between extra rows.
- Plant in the garden, preferably in full sun from April to May. The seedlings are quite frost resistant. Loosen the soil with a fork to at least 30 cm deep. Draw a straight furrow and sow a thin row of seed between thumb and forefinger (mix the seed with some dry sand). Cover with 1 cm soil, press lightly down and sprinkle with water. Label the row and plant extra rows 20 cm apart. A tunnel of chicken wire should protect the seedlings from the birds. Once the seedlings have four leaves you can thin them out and transplant them further up the row, or into pots. Keep those birds at bay!
Cabbages and cauliflower all belong in the same family (Brassicaceae or Cruciferea). Although they may look different, genetically speaking they are all practically identical and in Latin these edibles get the name 'Brassica oleracea'. The different varieties have all been selected and continually hybridised over the past 5,000 years. This cabbage falls under 'Brassica oleracea convar. capitata var. alba' and is a bi-annual that generally bolts and sets seed in year two.
There are many varieties of cabbage - earlies, lates and those that can be sown year round. There are also varieties with more or less resistance to cold. Keep to the instructions on the packet to avoid problems - fast growers are often less hardy and unsuitable for harvesting in frost.
White cabbage is tastiest when fresh. It is delicious raw and will freeze well when cooked. A freshly harvested white cabbage will keep for several weeks in the fridge or a cold cellar.
A quick blanching makes cabbage suitable for use in salads but a short boil makes it even more tender and it's great for cooking in a wok in rice dishes or in a delicious creamy sauce with bacon.
White cabbage is used to prepare sauerkraut.
Water extra only in dry periods. White cabbages should be fertilised regularly throughout the season and the bed must be kept weed-free. Follow these tips and you will get good results.Harvesting
Harvest your cabbages when they are just about fully grown. They are ready for cutting when they feel firm to the touch. Cut the cabbage head off at the base of the plant. The remaining plant can be dug up and discarded.
Your pet rabbit will thank you for extra cabbage leaves.